Baltimore: Investigation of the Baltimore City Police Department. DOJ Civil Rights Division, 2016

   EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Today, we announce the outcome of the Department of Justice’s investigation of the Baltimore City Police Department (BPD). 1 After engaging in a thorough investigation, initiated at the request of the City of Baltimore and BPD, the Department of Justice concludes that there is reasonable cause to believe that BPD engages in a pattern or practice of conduct that violates … Read More

Consent Decree: Los Angeles, CA

Download Executive Summary(PDF, 2 pages, 19 KB) Download Full Report(PDF, 68 pages, 453 KB) LAPD Consent Decree Overview Civil Rights Consent Decree Following the discovery and disclosure of the Rampart Area Corruption Incident by the Los Angeles Police Department, the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) notified the City of Los Angeles that it intended to file a civil suit … Read More

Report: The Science of Justice – Race, Arrests, and Police Use of Force – Center for Policing Equity

Analyses of 12 law enforcement departments from geographically and demographically diverse locations revealed that racial disparities in police use of force persist even when controlling for racial distribution of local arrest rates.  – Center for Policing Equity Executive Summary Despite the importance of understanding how race intersects with police use of force, little research has used police administrative data to … Read More

Report: This Is Not Your Grandparents’ Prejudice: The Implications of the Modern Science of Bias for Police Training – Lorie Fridell

Bias starts with our automatic tendency to categorize individuals. We categorize individuals and objects to make sense of the world, which includes categorizing people we don’t know according to group membership. We then attribute to these individuals the stereotypes associated with their group. This does not require animus; it requires only knowledge of the stereotype. Implicit bias, like explicit bias, … Read More

Ten Key Principles Governing the Use of Force by the Police Service –  College of Policing United Kingdom

Use of Force

1.    Police officers owe a general duty to protect persons and property. Ten Key Principles Governing the Use of Force by the Police Service College of Policing United Kingdom, to preserve order, to prevent the commission of offences and, where an offence has been committed, to take measures to bring the offender to justice; 2.    Police officers may, consistent with … Read More